The ostrich is the largest and heaviest living bird in the world. Males are jet black with white plumage and bright red or blue skin. Females are fairly uniform in color, with earthy gray-brown plumage and skin.
Large adults can reach a height of 2.75 m (9 ft.).
Adults may weigh up to 156.5 kg (345 lbs.).
These birds feed on fruit, seeds, leaves, shoots, shrubs and succulent plants. They may also feed on invertebrates, lizards, and other small animals. Stones may be ingested to aid in digestion.
The eggs are incubated for around 40 days.
They reach adulthood in 3 to 4 years.
They may live up to 40 years in managed care but their lifespan in the wild is unknown.
These birds can be found throughout much of Africa including Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique.
The ostrich can be found in dry grasslands, shrublands and savannahs in sub-tropical and tropical habitats.
The global population size has not been determined, but the species is reported to be frequent to abundant throughout most of its range.
IUCN: Least Concern
CITES: The populations of Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan are included in Appendix I.
USFWS: Arabian and West African Ostrich are listed as endangered.
The modern Hereford is coloured dark red to red-yellow, with a white face, crest, dewlap, and underline. Herefords with white flanks and white markings below the knees and hocks are also common. Most animals have short thick horns that typically curve down at the sides of the head, but there is a polled strain in North America and UK (Polled Hereford).
Simmental colour varies from gold to red with white, and may be evenly distributed or clearly defined in patches on a white background. The head is white and often a white band appears over the shoulders like the photos above. The majority have pigment around the eyes, helping to reduce eye problems which occur from bright sunlight.